Verbos en infinitivo

Verbos en infinitivo, the infinitive, corresponden a los verboides del idioma español.

Los más usuales son learn, forget, remember, swear, agree, propose, refuse, regret, attempt, hope, care, fail, decide, prepare, determine, manage, undertake, seem, cease, arrange.

She promise to obey me.
I hope to start tomorrow.

Verbos en infinitivo, formación

Verbos en infinitivo, formación

Verbos en infinitivo, formación

La formación de los verbos en infinitivo es tan sencilla ya que simplemente se debe agregar la raíz “to” entonces:

To ply

To walk

To eat

To drink

To study

To see
To meet

To do

No obstante existen unas pocas excepciones de verbos que no se le antepone la raíz “to, ellos son:

Must (deber)

May (poder)

Can (poder)

Verbos en infinitivo, sin to

Verbos en infinitivo, sin to

Verbos en infinitivo, sin to (he plays piano)

Los verbos en infinitivo que no llevan la raíz “to se les llama “bare infinitivo mientras que los que sí la llevan se laman to-infinitive o full infinitivo.

Tomando coo eljemplo el verbo “jugar” “to play”

En presente simple o simple present tense dirás:

Yo juergo:
I play

En el modo condicional simple o condicional simple dirás:

Yo jugariá:
I World play

En pasado simple o simple past tense usarás el infinitivo en las oraciones negativas, entonces si quieres decir:

Yo no jugue será:

I didn’t play

En el futuro simple o simple future dirías:

Yo jugaré:
I will play

En imperativo o imperative form dirías:

Juega!
Play!

Verbos en infinitivo, con to

Verbos en infinitivo, con to

Verbos en infinitivo, con to

La mayoría de o verbos admiten usar “to”

Por ejemplo:

Si quieres decir:

Estoy intentando estudiar para mi examen, dirás:

I am trying to study form y test.

No te agrada viajar en avión, pues prefieres hacerlo en tren, entonces dirás:

I prefer to travel by train not by plane.

Otros verbos que pertenecen a esta categoría son:

Tell:
decir

Teach:
Wish:
Desear

Want:
Querer

Wait:
Esperar

Use:
usar

Try:
Intentar

Swear:
Jurar

Struggle:
Luchar

Seem:
Parecer

Refuse:
Rechazar

Promise:
Prometer

Pretend:
Fingir

Prepare:
Preparar

Prefer:
Preferir

Plan:
Planear

Offer:
Ofrecer

Need:
Necesitar

Mean:
Significar

Manage:
Dirigir

Learn:
Aprender

Hope:
Tener esperanza

Hesitate:
titubear

Verbos en infinitivo, objeto + infinitivo

Algunos verbos además del infinitivo se les agrega un objeto por necesidad, ellos son:

Require:
Requerir

Permit:
Permitir

Order:
Ordenar

Invite:
Invitar

Instruct:
Instruir

Hire:
Contratar

Force:
Forzar

Forbid:
Prohibir

Challenge:
Desafiar

Cause:
Causar

Allow:
Permitir

Más verbos con to:

to be
to have
can
to use
to do
to write
to see
to watch
to go
to come
to call
to find
to take
to get
to live
to show
to demonstrate
to give
to think
to tell
to say
to distinguish
to mean
to move
to tell
to say
to establish
to want
to play
to ask
to read
to spell
to attach
to add
to have to
to follow
to ask
to change
to need
to try
to build
to stand
to place
should
to grow up
to learn
to cover
to keep
to entertain
to amuse
to last
to let
to attract
to run
to close
to live
to open
to appear
to start
to begin
to go
to walk
to hurry up
to wear
to eat
to stop
to hear
to cut
to supervise
to feel
to speak
to talk
to leave
to happen
to remember
to keep
to reach
to sing
to add
to travel
to serve
to appear
to govern
to rule
to fly
to fall
to lead
to cry
to wait
to drive
to contain
to teach
to develop
to produce
to multiply
to stay
to decide
to smile
to assimilate
to miss
to bring
to complete
to fill
to verify
to vary
to regulate
to include
to share
to separate
to feel
to sense
to count
to represent
to hunt
to overlap
to believe
to sitdown
to run
to sleep
to prove
to catch
to wish
to register
to visit
to present
to submit
to finish
to dress
to jump
to meet
to meet
to buy
to increase
to solve
to soften
to press
should
to describe
to bright
to shine
to review
to copy
to roll
to hit
to excite
to show
to indicate
to observe
to pay
to climb
to designate
to smile
to get
to obtain
to get
to die
to cry
to engage
to propose
to brake
to mount
to touch
to cost
to wear
to choose
to adapt
to flow
to collect
to assure
to protect
to indicate
to expect
to feed
to present
to offer
to accept
to advise
to divine
to create
to wash
to compare
to depend
to rub
to discuss
to enter
to send
to allow
to print
to continue
to sale
to subtract
to swim
to spread
to organize
to invent
to determine
to stretch
to pitch
to throw
to choose
to repeat
to require
to adapt
to prepare
to request
to adapt
to lead
to win
to dream
to conect
to link
to connect
to expend
to share
to offer
to answer
to drink
to happen
to occur
to support
to strike
to hit
to publish
to leave
will
to process
to lift
to raise
to sow
to replace
to match
to make sure
to drain
to unfold
to destroy
to show
to ensure
to feedback
to agree
to use
to take advantage
to shorten
to take a walk
to rent
to heat up
to disinfect
to release
to issue
to reject
to apply
to inspect
to understand
to forget
to forgive
to cook
to expedite
to correct
to rectify
to enjoy

Después de haber comprendido los verbos en infinitivo ejercita con ejercicios de ingles basico.

 










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